Sounds and Letters (Phonology and
Modern Gallaic pronunciation is phonetic - a letter
(character) or combination of letters always has the same given
The vowels of the Modern Gallaic language can be either long or
short as in Modern Irish with long vowels distinguished by the acute
accent mark above the letter.
The short vowels are: a, e, i, o, u
a as in the 'a' in 'cat', example:
as in the 'a' in 'about' or 'u' in 'but' (short
indefinite sound, usually in the unstressed syllable), example:
e as in 'bet', example:
i as in 'tin', example:
o as in 'sock', example:
u as in the 'oo' in 'book', example:'
The long vowels are: á, é, í,
á as in the 'a' in 'rather' or the 'ar' in 'art',
é as in the 'are' in 'square', example:
í as in the 'i' in 'marine' or the 'ee' in 'feet',
ó as in the 'oa' in 'oar', example:
ú as in the 'u' in 'flute', example:
Dipthongs: ei, iu, ou
ei as in the 'ay' in 'bay, for example:
iu as in the 'ew' in 'new', for example: "Blian niu
mah aman" Have the best new year
ou as in the 'oa' in 'boat', for example:
w as in 'wash'
y as in 'yet'
The consonants are: p, t, c, ch, b, d, g, f, v, n,
r, l, m, s
c as in the 'c' in 'cat'
g as in the 'g' in 'gone'
ch as in the 'ch' in Scottish Loch or 'g' in Spanish 'general'
or 'j' in Spanish 'bajo', example: eche - and
gh as in the 'g' in Portuguese 'agora' or Spanish
'amigo' or 'gu' in Catalan 'figuera', example: A Gháltachd
- the Gallaic-speaking area
v as the 'v' in 'van'
j as in the 'j' and 'dg' in 'judge' in English
or the 'j' in Portuguese 'jambalaya'
nh as in the 'ng' in English 'king' or 'nh' in Portuguese
and Galego 'algunha'
ñ as in the 'ni' in English 'minion'
tx as in the 'ch' in English 'church'
x as in the 'sh' in English 'shush'